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Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), is a viral infection affecting cats, both domesticated and wild feline species. It is caused by feline parvovirus, a close relative of both type 2 canine parvovirus and mink enteritis. Once contracted, it is highly contagious and can be fatal to the affected cat. The disease is highly contagious and is spread from cat to cat by direct or indirect contact with their feces. The clinical symptoms appear usually 7-10 days post infection. The virus primarily attacks the lining of the gastrointestinal tract, causing internal ulceration and, ultimately, total sloughing of the intestinal epithelium. This results in profuse and usually bloody diarrhea, severe dehydration, malnutrition, anemia, and often death. It causes a decrease in the cat's white blood cells, thus compromising its immune system. Typically, it also causes a decrease in hematocrit and platelet counts on a complete blood count. This is often key in diagnosing panleukopenia. Feline panleukopenia requires aggressive treatment if the cat is to survive, as this disease can kill cats in less than 24 hours



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